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NIXON AND VIETNAM

Nixon's Vietnam policy - XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX - the policy for winding down the war
  • troops were withdrawn, training and equipment was given to South Vietnamese, by 1972, only 24,200 troops remained
  • However, bombing raids increased, hurting the supply lines of North Vietnam - the bombing expanded to other countries - Laos and Cambodia
  • U.S. ground forces invaded XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX in spring 1970 – this led to more opposition
  • May 4, 1970 - XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX


XXXXXXXXXXXXXX talks -1972 - between Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho
In July, word leaked that Henry Kissinger had been meeting privately in Paris with the North Vietnamese Foreign Secretary
  • in October, only days before the election, Kissinger announced that " XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX "
  • several weeks later, after the election, talks broke down again
  • January 27, 1973 - agreement on ending the war and restoring XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX in VietnamU.S. troops leave Vietnam POW's released, cease-fire between the North and South
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THE FALL OF SAIGON

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The Legacy of Vietnam

In Southeast Asia:
  • 1.5 million XXXXXXXXXXXXXX deaths
  • countless Vietnamese civilians wounded, homeless
  • XXXXXXXXXXXXXX society in shambles
  • Southeast Asia left highly unstable
  • XXXXXXXXXXXXXX fell to communism after terror

In America: America Copes
  • XXXXXXXXXXXXXX Americans killed
  • XXXXXXXXXXXXXX wounded
  • XXXXXXXXXXXXXX billion in direct costs
  • U.S. attempts to come to grips with a "loss" - blow to XXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Several major U.S. changes as a result of the conflict
  • government abolished the XXXXXXXXXXXXXX , which had stirred up so much of the antiwar sentiment
  • XXXXXXXXXXXXXX - curb the power of the President for making war - US forces are sent into a hostile area without a declaration of war - the troops may only stay there 90 days unless Congress approves of the action and/or declares war
  • altered American XXXXXXXXXXXXXX - risks are considered, because no one wants another Vietnam
  • overall XXXXXXXXXXXXXX in Americans about their government and their political leaders -


The Disillusionment of those who served
  • XXXXXXXXXXXXXX extended a cold hand
  • some veterans suffered from XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
  • many citizens XXXXXXXXXXXXXX toward government
  • entire XXXXXXXXXXXXXX of Americans was affected

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WHAT IS THE LEGACY OF VIETNAM?